Was the Seahawks Final Play in the Super Bowl as Bad a Call as Most People Are Saying?

With just one yard to go in order to pull ahead of the Patriots in the final seconds of the Super Bowl, most people have found the Seahawks call for a pass to be inexplicable. Why pass on that play when you can run the ball with Marshawn Lynch?

I don’t think the play was a good call. And, as a huge Patriots fan, I’m super glad things turned out the way they did.

However, when evaluating that play call after the fact I think that there’s a slight distortion that comes about due to hindsight. Here’s why.

If the Seahawks had only one play to get into the end zone, then passing instead of giving the ball to Marshawn Lynch would make little sense.

But the Seahawks had three plays left to score. So it could be argued that it wasn’t unreasonable to try a pass, when you are looking at this from the perspective of three plays, rather than just one.

In other words, due to the fact that the play failed, it’s easy to end up evaluating the situation as though this single play was to be their only chance to score. Of course, that’s how it turned out, but they didn’t know that. When you look at the situation from the assumption, which they had at the time, that they would have three opportunities, then throwing one pass play and then switching to the run can make a bit more sense.

Of course, that perspective doesn’t take into account the risk of throwing an interception that comes with a pass play.

And so, we are back to where we started: it was indeed a bad call, given the abilities of Marshawn Lynch.

My point, though, is just that it’s easy to assess this call in a way that accidentally implies the Seahawks knew they only had one play to get into the end zone. When you look at it from the perspective of thinking they likely would have three opportunities, it is at least a slightly smaller blunder than it can seem at first.



Come to Together LA This February


I’m very excited about the TogetherLA conference, which will be this February 26 – 28 with Tim Keller as the keynote speaker.

Tim Keller has helped call our attention back to the importance of cities in the mission of God. But what does it look like to actually love your city (in this case, LA)? That’s what this conference is about.

The aim of the conference is thus to “engage pastors, ministry leaders, non profit leaders, lay leaders, and marketplace leaders on what it means to love Los Angeles.”

I love the fact that it is for people in all areas of life, not just ministry. Christians in every type of vocation are called to engage and love their city for the glory of the gospel. TogetherLA is thus seeking to bring together Christians from every sector of society to learn about what this means for whatever vocation they have.

It is also bringing together an amazing and diverse range of speakers. Here is part of the description from the website:

At this event we will hear what churches and church planters are doing.  We will learn about partnerships in the city and ways to partner together.  We will discuss how social problems impact LA.  We will learn how LA is integral in shaping culture and why culture is important.  We will hear from leaders in the entertainment, arts, political, and business community.  And we will discover how the men and women of LA, Asians, Caucasians, Hispanics and African Americans are loving and engaging their city for the Gospel.

The conference will be divided into four parts:

Thursday:  The Church (church planting, church partnership, church renewal, and so forth)
Friday morning: Social problems in Los Angeles
Friday afternoon and evening: Culture and Los Angeles
Saturday: Faith and work

This conference will be an incredible opportunity for equipping and encouragement for those who are in LA. And even beyond that, it is in itself a model for how all of us, in any city, should be seeking to ask and answer the question of how we can love our cities most effectively.

You can learn more about the conference at the website, and register online.

Here is the trailer for the conference:

And here is also a brief video of Tim Keller talking about why you should come to TogetherLA:

Sam Storms on Insecurity in the Pastorate

Sam Storms, from his post What I Wish I’d Known: Reflections on Nearly 40 Years of Pastoral Ministry:

10. I wish I’d known about the destructive effects of insecurity in a pastor. This is less because I’ve struggled with it and more due to its effect I’ve seen in others. Why is insecurity so damaging?

• Insecurity makes it difficult to acknowledge and appreciate the accomplishments of others on staff (or in the congregation). In other words, the personally insecure pastor is often incapable of offering genuine encouragement to others. Their success becomes a threat to him, his authority, and his status in the eyes of the people. Thus if you’re insecure you likely won’t pray for others to flourish.

• Insecurity will lead a pastor to encourage and support and praise another pastor only insofar as the latter serves the former’s agenda and doesn’t detract from his image.

• An insecure pastor will likely resent the praise or affirmation other staff members receive from the people at large.

• For the insecure pastor, constructive criticism is not received well, but is perceived as a threat or outright rejection.

• Because the insecure pastor is incapable of acknowledging personal failure or lack of knowledge, he’s often unteachable. He will resist those who genuinely seek to help him or bring him information or insights he lacks. His spiritual growth is therefore stunted.

• The insecure pastor is typically heavy-handed in his dealings with others.

• The insecure pastor is often controlling and given to micromanagement.

• The insecure pastor rarely empowers or authorizes others to undertake tasks for which they’re especially qualified and gifted. He won’t release others but rather restrict them.

• The insecure pastor is often given to outbursts of anger.

• At its core, insecurity is the fruit of pride.

In summary, and at its core, insecurity results from not believing the gospel. The antidote to feelings of insecurity, then, is the rock-solid realization that one’s value and worth are in the hands of God, not others, and that our identity expresses who we are in Christ. Only as we deepen our grasp of his sacrificial love for us will we find the liberating confidence to affirm and support others without fearing their successes or threats.

How People Change: A Conference January 23-25 in Jacksonville, FL

This January 23 – 25, Paramount Church in Jacksonville, FL is having a conference on “How People Change” with Tim Lane.

My friend John Fonville is the preaching pastor at Paramount, which is hosting the conference. John is one of my favorite preachers in the whole world because of his relentless gospel-centeredness.

I am excited about the work that their church is doing (you can check out their website to learn more). This conference would be a great opportunity to both experience the great work they are doing there and learn about how to create lasting change in your life.

Here is the description of the conference:

What does it take for lasting change to take root in your life? If you’ve ever tried, failed, and wondered why, you need to come to How People Change. Tim Lane will show us the biblical pattern for change in a clear, practical way you can apply to the challenges of daily life. But change involves more than a biblical formula: you will see how God is at work to make you the person you were created to be. That powerful, loving, redemptive relationship is at the heart of all positive change you experience.

The conference includes five sessions with Dr. Lane: two sessions Friday night, and three on Saturday morning. Each session is followed by Q&A time where you will be able to ask Dr. Lane your questions.

Learn more and register at the website.

Christians Need History, and Christians Need Heroes: Princeton Seminary (1812-1929)

My friend Gary Steward has just released his book Princeton Seminary (1812-1929): Its Leaders’ Lives and Works

It has endorsements from JI Packer, Kevin DeYoung, Justin Taylor, and others. Here’s a short description:

Many of the key ideas of the modern era, and Christian responses to them, were formulated at the time of “Old Princeton.” Gary Steward introduces us to the great men of Princeton Theological Seminary from its founding to the early twentieth century, together with some of their most important writings.

Why does this matter? Because, as Gary says at the beginning of the video trailer for the book, “Christians need history, and Christians need heroes.” Gary’s book introduces you to many great, but often overlooked, heroes of the church whom we need to hear from again today.

I’ll let Gary tell you more about that, and the book, in this video:


Resources for the New Year

Here are a few resources to help you get the new year off to a great start.

What’s Best Next: How the Gospel Transforms the Way You Get Things DoneOf course I’ll be recommending my book here! The beginning of the year is a good time to refine your mission, vision, roles and goals. What’s Best Next can help you as you think through these higher levels. It can also help at the levels of improving how you organize your projects and actions, as well as dealing with productivity killers such as procrastination and multi-tasking.

Seven Principles for Setting Goals that WorkMy post at Michael Hyatt’s blog from earlier this year. These principles can be helpful in setting new year’s resolutions, which are really just a type of goal.

The Yearly Review. My interview on Moody South Radio’s Fresh Start from yesterday on the benefits of reviewing your year and how to do it. (5-8 minutes or so.)

Setting New Years Resolutions You’ll Actually Stick With. A live Q&A Michael Hyatt is doing on Friday.

New Year’s Resolutions and 1 Thessalonians 1. A great lab by John Piper (as are all of them). Is it biblical to set resolutions? Interestingly, the Bible actually speaks very affirmingly of resolutions. What the Bible especially commends is setting resolutions for good. That is an exciting thing. “He who is noble plans noble things” (Isaiah 32:8).

And my chief tips for New Year’s resolutions today are this:

  1. Read God’s Word. The best resolution you can make is likely to go deeper in daily, focused reading and study in God’s word — and then, of course, to do what it says (James 2:22-25). If most Christians simply made this single resolution, it would have a greater impact than anything else.
  2. Follow God’s Word. In relation to point 1, note again the extreme importance of actually doing what the Bible says. “Be doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving yourselves” (James 1:22). This is a point that Jesus made over and over, and which stuck with the disciples as one of the most important take-aways from his entire ministry. It’s not enough just to read and study the Bible and listen to good preaching. You have to do what it says. Obviously you can’t do what it says if you don’t know what it says; interestingly, as you do what it says you will find that you come to understand what it says even more deeply.
  3. Get a Head Start. Start your New Year’s resolutions a week early. Sorry for the late nature of this tip! I’ve found this is one of the best ways to help ensure you stick with your resolution(s), because it enables you to go into the year already having some momentum. You already feel ahead, and thus in the second or third week of January, when most people quit, you might already have the habit in place and make it through.

Christmas: A Time to Turn To God

It doesn’t make much sense to celebrate the coming of Christ into the world without acknowledging the very reason he came.

He came to earth to save us from our sins and give us eternal life. It would be a tragedy to enjoy the presents, food, time with family and friends, and everything else and miss out on the real point of it all.

So if you haven’t already, it makes sense to let Christmas be a time for turning to God.

It is very simple to do so. You just need to recognize that your greatest need in all the world is to know God — forever. Sin has cut us off from that, but we can receive forgiveness simply by looking to Christ.

It takes more than just intellectually knowing that Christ died and rose again. You need to actually trust in his death and resurrection as the payment for your sins and basis of your right standing with God. When you do so, you receive forgiveness and a new life.

Forgiveness is free, but you also need to know that it changes you. It is impossible to turn to Christ and to be content with continuing to live for yourself and for purposes that are at odds with his will. To turn to Christ means taking up your cross and following him. It means ceasing to live your own life and beginning to live for him.

This is the meaning of faith and repentance. It is the way to heaven.

Here is one of the best passages in all of the Bible on how we receive forgiveness of sins and new life in Christ:

If you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord, and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. For with the heart one believes and is justified, and with the mouth one confesses and is saved. For the Scripture says, “Everyone who believes in him will not be put to shame.” For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek; for the same Lord is Lord of all, bestowing his riches on all who call on him. For “everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.”

So if you haven’t already, this Christmas — right now — would be a good time to turn to God. He wants you to. Complete forgiveness and new life are available for everyone.


How Do You Balance Material Goods with the True Spirit of Christmas?

Anne Bradley has a great post on this at the Institute for Faith, Work, and Economics. Here are three very helpful points she makes (note especially the first one — it’s why I don’t think giving gifts at Christmas necessarily equals consumerism):

What are some ways we can worship God with our whole being and possessions in this Christmas season?

  • Remember that redemption is not just spiritual. Christ experienced the physical nature of our world in a similar way to us, and he called it good. We will eventually be given new bodies, but God will use our current ones for his glory and our good, even during this life.
  • Practice gratitude. We’ve been blessed with amazing prosperity, much of which has been generated through entrepreneurship made possible by free markets and favorable institutions.
  • Give generously and resourcefully. As in everything, let us give with a heart attuned to God’s will for the needs around us. If we have been given much, let us give much. But, as we reach out to others, let us be careful to enable others to arrive at a place of greater prosperity because of broadened skills and resources.

Also make sure to check out Andrew Spencer’s excellent post on whether capitalism necessarily leads to and is based on consumerism. It is very enlightening and ought to be shared far and wide.

A Highly Misguided Way to Talk About Jesus

A blog comments the other day (different blog) said this regarding Jesus’ compassion:

Yes, Jesus was compassionate when confronted with a need, pausing to help the faithful (and in a few cases we know of, non-believers)…that was to show his authority and glory.

I will be direct about this: this is a highly misguided way to talk about Jesus’ compassion. You could perhaps try to parse it in a way that is technically accurate (maybe), yet it gives the completely wrong impression. Here are two problems.

First, it downplays the depth and nature of Jesus’ compassion. By reading this, you get the impression that compassion was just not a big deal for Jesus — that he only did it “to show his authority and glory.”

But in reality, the gospels often speak of Jesus has being motived by compassion (Matthew 9:36; John 15;12-13; Romans 5:15). It was not something Jesus did just to show his authority (and why would that matter for us, anyway, if his authority didn’t exist to be used for the good of people — that is, for compassionate purposes?). It was something he did because he cared. That’s the meaning of compassion, and it is not to be downplayed in the slightest.

And in relation to Jesus’ glory, his love and compassion are themselves a large part of his glory. In other words, his compassion is itself part of what makes him glorious. We know this because the Scriptures speak of God’s grace as the pinnacle of his glory (Romans 9:23; 1 John 4:8; Ephesians 1:6, “to the praise of his glorious grace“).

Further, the author speaks of Jesus simply “pausing” to help the faithful. This makes it sound like he didn’t give significant attention to it, or that it wasn’t a chief purpose of his mission. It was something he simply “paused” to do, while he was on to other more important things.

Instead, Jesus’ own theme verse for his ministry makes compassion the very center of his ministry (Matthew 9:12-13). Everything Jesus did — to the pinnacle of his ministry of going to the cross for our salvation — was motived by compassion. Compassion is central to Jesus’ heart and way of thinking.

Second, it downplays Jesus’ ministry to non-believers. The author says that there are only a few cases we know of where Jesus helped non-believers. This is a strange thing to say about the one said that he “came not to call the righteous, but sinners” (Matthew 9:13).

This way of thinking contributes to setting up walls against compassion. It makes it seem as though helping non-believers is not very important, because Jesus only did it a few times.

But in fact, Jesus helped unbelievers all the time. In a very real sense, every single person that Jesus helped was an unbeliever. The reason is that, even if they were already a believer when he physically helped them, that simply meant that his Spirit had first worked in them to bring them to faith. 

And today, the gospel is going to all nations at his command, helping millions of unbelievers everywhere by bringing them to faith. 

This issue is very important because it goes to the very heart of who Jesus is. I take issue with this commenter because I am seeing this thinking more and more, and it is a very subtle thing.  Jesus is appealed to in order to almost justify a type of aloofness and separation from people’s real needs, in the name of “responsibility” or “authority.” It’s as though we think God wants boundaries more than he wants love — which is often messy.

Sometimes we even minimize Jesus’ compassion for the apparent sake of his glory. It’s as though we are afraid that acknowledging that Jesus was compassionate and loved people is going to diminish God-centeredness or something. Instead of allowing Jesus to challenge our own lack of empathy, we end up finding justification for it in him by coming to the gospels with our own preconceived notions.

This is not right, and it gives a wrong view of Jesus — which, in turn, stands in the way of people following him. Who could follow a Jesus who is not filled with compassion? We need more than that.

It is a great irony that people can miss this about the most compassionate person in all of history. And yet, it happens all the time.